I sat super super still not wanting to get quilled. It was once wrongly believed that porcupines can shoot their quills at predators, but they do detach easily when touched. 0000003203 00000 n h�b```b``�������� ̀ �,`ȱ��e��m�0KXa�{`fF�� �" (f`ab�nf`�a4a`;���|�ч��At��\�t���\d���X(v2�:7� Many pet dogs have fallen for this trick and gotten too close with their sensitive noses. They have sharp claws and can climb trees to feed on the bark and twigs high off the ground. Helps it survive by: Defence against predators, can … The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. They don’t hibernate and feed all winter, usually at night (nocturnal), but can be seen during the day. Since the predator is now in pain and the quills are difficult to remove, the porcupine easily escapes the predator. They eat leaves, twigs, buds and even bark. They have a small head and their body is covered with sharp quills (thick needle-like hairs). They consume a variety of natural and agricultural plant material, including roots, bulbs, fruits, grains, drupe and tubers, along with insects and small vertebrates. All these physical adaptations help the porcupine to survive in its habitat. 0000001817 00000 n 0000028433 00000 n 0000004127 00000 n The quills of crested porcupines serve as an effective defense against predation. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italy such as Sicily. Adaptive traits can improve animals find food, make a … Porcupine or Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) Order Rodentia. The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. Terrestrial porcupines are found in the warmer regions of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Porcupine Quills Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. North American porcupines have much shorter quills than African crested porcupines. H�\��j�0����\/JM�L��Z��������8�E�~RT:���g�_����s�IF�ah�0ɶs6�8�B��Ή$��k��i�6}�E���. It can grow up to 90 centimeters long and weigh up to 30 kilograms. Name two of the porcupine’s adaptive traits and how each helps it survive:2. 1. Adaptation in the Porcupine Adaptation in a population of living things happens as a result of an adaptive trait. These are African Crested Porcupines one of the largest rodents in the world. Porcupines are nocturnal rodents. Location: Small Animal Building 5. Please Login or Subscribe to access downloadable content. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. Porcupines. Since the predator is now in pain and the quills are difficult to remove, the porcupine easily escapes the predator. After using its specialized teeth to grind the plant matter, undigested fibres are retained in its enlarged functional appendix where they are broken-down by symbiotic gut microorganisms. They have sharp claws and can climb trees to feed on the bark and twigs high off the ground. Porcupine Quills Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. Name two other living things that have an adaptive trait like the porcupine and how their adaptations help repel predators.3. The young leave home for the first time at about two weeks of age, as their quills — soft at birth — begin to harden. Author Last Name, First Name(s). Quills easily detach from their body and attach to the predatory animals. Because they are cecal digesters, they … They are rodents with long, sharp front teeth that grow throughout their lives. When you research information you must cite the reference. Spots and Stripes Indian crested porcupines have a very broad and mostly herbivorous diet. 0000028168 00000 n The annual migration of the monarch butterfly is a behavioral adaptation; while a chameleon, changing its skin color for camouflage, displays a physiological adaptation. They have a slow lumbering walk, so cannot run from predators and are often struck by cars making their way across roadways. 0000019119 00000 n 0000001431 00000 n 0000028829 00000 n They have as many as 30,000 quills on the back, tail and sides and use them as a defense against predators. Spots and Stripes The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. Porcupines are nocturnal rodents. This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. Porcupines have special adaptations to help them chew. Hys­trix are highly adapt­able, found in forests, rocky areas, moun­tains, crop­lands, and sand­hill deserts (Nowak 1991; Grz­imek 1990). Day Month Year of access < URL >. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. 0000030773 00000 n Their tails are covered with shorter white quills, while their neck, shoulders and rears are covered with a crest of long quills up to 5 … Bur­rows are often ex­ten­sive and used for many years (Nowak 1991). December 23, 2020< http://www.exploringnature.org/db/view/Adaptations-of-the-Porcupine >. Adaptation in a population of living things happens as a result of an adaptive trait. They eat leaves, twigs, buds and even bark. The crested porcupine lives in burrows, and can be found in North and West Africa, and parts of East Africa and the Mediterranean. The amazingly strong front … Adaptive traits can improve animals find food, make a safer home, escape predators, survive cold or heat or lack of water. "Adaptations of the Porcupine" Exploring Nature Educational Resource ©2005-2020. The North African crested porcupine is the largest. They have a small head and their body is covered with sharp quills (thick needle-like hairs). Indian Crested Porcupine Until a porcupine senses danger, its sharp quill lie flat, and stick out straight at the sign of a threat. Their brown quills are barbed and snag the predator’s flesh. Human also eat porcupines in some places. The “crested” adjective comes from its mane composed of black and white banded hairs that extend from the top of its head to its tail. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. I sat super super still not wanting to get quilled. The spines and quills cover the posterior two thirds of its back and can get up 50cm and 30cm respectively. 0000002205 00000 n A porcupine's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defence. The most characteristic feature about porcupines is obviously that they are quill bearing rodents. Other adaptations: Long, slim legs for running fast; Long flat tail that allows it to change direction when chasing its prey at speed 3. Porcupines are very well adapted for their lives in the woods. If continually bothered, the crested porcupine will stamp its feet, whirr the quills, and charge the disturber back end first trying to stab the enemy with the t… and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. 3. Location: Small Animal Building 5. 0000003287 00000 n These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. Crested porcupine . 0000001105 00000 n ("The South African Porcupine Page", 1999; Smithers, 1983)Biogeographic Regions; ethiopian. The gestation period of the African crested porcupine is about 112 days. Porcupinesare very well adapted for their lives in the woods. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses. A total of 44 pairs of crested porcupines with a litter was observed in three years (Sett 1, N = 10; Sett 2, N = 14; Sett 3, N = 12; Sett 4, N = 8): 59% singletons, 32% twins, 9% triplets.Births occurred throughout the year, with the highest number of litters in February and in October, as well as with the highest number of cubs in mid-winter (). South African porcupines are found from sea level to 2000 m above sea level in most areas with vegetation. Additional significant descriptive information. Family Hystricidae. The African crested porcupine lives in hilly, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. 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